Organizational culture

Ukrainian and Polish Culture of Management and Work – Similarities and Differences

Ukrainian and Polish Culture of Management and Work – Similarities and Differences

The aim of the article is to present the results of the research study of management and work cultures in Poland and Ukraine that was conducted in 2016. The author analyses similarities and differences in organizational behaviours in three aspects: management style – in both cultures respondents pointed out hierarchical style as dominating, but in the case of Poland in a lesser degree than in the case of Ukraine. team work – in both cultures collectivistic approach in teamwork is predominating, thus co-workers help each other and appreciate good atmosphere (harmony). communication style – people in both cultures communicate emotionally, however Poles express their more through higher and emotional voice, whereas Ukrainians express their feelings also via body language. Commonly Polish and Ukrainian cultures are regarded as very close as both countries have the same religious, cultural and ethnic roots. Ukrainians and Poles manifest a number of the same organizational behaviours, according to the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness) study – Polish and Ukrainian cultures belong to the same cultural cluster – Eastern Europe (which constitutes one of ten distinguished clusters) and are different from other clusters, but still there are differences between both cultures which matter in inter – cultural management. Crucially, one cluster contains several countries and they differ from each other in a subtler manner Article to...

Read More
Ukrainian and Polish management cultures.  Similar or different?

Ukrainian and Polish management cultures. Similar or different?

The common wisdom claims that Polish and Ukrainian cultures are similar as both countries have common religious, cultural and ethnical roots thus people from Ukraine exhibit the same organizational behaviour and practices. Due to the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness) study – Polish and Ukrainian cultures belong to the same cultural cluster – Eastern European cultures (which constitutes one of ten distinguished clusters) and differ from other clusters. This is an indication that both cultures are more similar then for example Polish and German or Ukrainian and German cultures. But as in one cultural cluster there are numbers of countries and they still differ in-between in a more subtle way, Ukrainian and Polish management cultures are such a case. When we dig deeper in them, we start to see the differences. The Foundation Polish Mentoring Institute had conducted on 2016 a research among Poles and Ukrainians[1] comparing both management cultures. Let’s discuss study results in 3 aspects: 1. Management style, 2. Team working and 3. Communication style.   How does a manager treat an employee? Regarding management style, in both cultures respondents indicated a hierarchical style as predominant but in case of Poland to lesser extent than in Ukraine. This attribute was confirmed in answers regarding managerial practices like: delegating tasks,          a way of giving a corrective feedback and rewarding people. Organizational structures in both countries were assessed as hierarchical, but what came out was – that Polish managers are regarded as having an ability to manage people in a more partnering style even in rigid organizational structure.   How does a manager treat an employee who is his/her friend? Is he treated the same way (universalistic) or better (particularistic)[2]? In both cultures managers exhibit particularistic approach to the employees. In case of Ukrainian managers, they deploy more particularistic approach than Polish ones, who exhibit relatively more universalistic approach. Additionally, this approach is also exhibited by employees upon other colleagues in both cultures, what confirms that Polish and Ukrainian cultures are embedded in particularism. As particularistic and universalistic behaviours in organization settings differ in many aspects (for example: support of ideas of a project based on its merit or colleagues’ interest, assessment based on competencies or relationship),...

Read More
Multicultural awareness and sport event. Which benefits bring international sport’s events?

Multicultural awareness and sport event. Which benefits bring international sport’s events?

We are living in more global and multicultural environment. This is the case even for the countries which are not very multicultural in population like for example Poland or countries which are not open for traveling and migration. But we are all connected with the world and other cultures via TV and Internet, and this situation requires from us more intercultural competencies. I like the definition of intercultural competencies of Jane M. Bennett as follows: “Intercultural competence; a set of cognitive, affective and behavioural skills and characteristics that support effective and appropriate interaction in a variety of cultural contexts.”  How UEFA Euro 2012 Championship has boosted intercultural competencies of Polish people? Some people might have reasoning the aim of such costly events, especially in time of crises. This question was also raised in Poland, the media have asked before and after the EURO 2012 for the benefits of the event. Most of people have founded that organizing the Euro 2012 was a good idea. This information was wildly spread, but very rare you could read WHY people find organizing Euro 2012 as beneficial for Poland.  For me the list of them is quite large. Most of the people have quoted that the new stadiums, especially that in Warsaw, called by many foreign journalists the most beautiful stadium in Europe and the new highways are the biggest benefits. Many journalist has proclaimed that Poland did a civilization step forward. I agree with this claim, but I think that the most valuable benefit of Euro 2012 we did,, was in regards to social multicultural awareness of Poles. We have gained thousands of volunteers working with foreign visitors who have experienced different culture, we have gained outlook how the fans of different nationalities behave and we have experienced that people can unite on something higher than the score of the match and their sympathy to a national football team. We have learned that people can unite on common value – friendship and joy of being together. It was really heart-warming to see how the fans from the country, which has lost the match, celebrate together with fans of the country, which has won.  People on the streets and the cafes have found...

Read More