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Ukrainian and Polish Culture of Management and Work – Similarities and Differences

Ukrainian and Polish Culture of Management and Work – Similarities and Differences

The aim of the article is to present the results of the research study of management and work cultures in Poland and Ukraine that was conducted in 2016. The author analyses similarities and differences in organizational behaviours in three aspects: management style – in both cultures respondents pointed out hierarchical style as dominating, but in the case of Poland in a lesser degree than in the case of Ukraine. team work – in both cultures collectivistic approach in teamwork is predominating, thus co-workers help each other and appreciate good atmosphere (harmony). communication style – people in both cultures communicate emotionally, however Poles express their more through higher and emotional voice, whereas Ukrainians express their feelings also via body language. Commonly Polish and Ukrainian cultures are regarded as very close as both countries have the same religious, cultural and ethnic roots. Ukrainians and Poles manifest a number of the same organizational behaviours, according to the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness) study – Polish and Ukrainian cultures belong to the same cultural cluster – Eastern Europe (which constitutes one of ten distinguished clusters) and are different from other clusters, but still there are differences between both cultures which matter in inter – cultural management. Crucially, one cluster contains several countries and they differ from each other in a subtler manner Article to...

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Is it easy to negotiate or work with Poles?

Is it easy to negotiate or work with Poles?

Polish behavioural style as a carousel – once still and another time very dynamic   The question is not easy to answer as… Poland is situated geographically between Berlin and Moscow, and mentally between West and East. Our geopolitical location has always influenced Polish way of thinking and behaviour. In a number of publications on cross-cultural communication and management, Polish character is described as „Polish duality of thinking and behaviour”. That is why, for foreigners working in Poland or negotiating with Poles is not easy for first glance to get an idea how are Poles: You can ask yourself questions – are they? Friendly or indifferent? Open or intolerant? Easy going or stubborn? Direct or indirect in communication? Egalitarian or hierarchical? Formal or informal? Prefer working individually or in a team The answer on above questions is – “both” or “it depends on the situation”.   In Richard Lewis cultural model of 3 types of cultures – presented as a triangle of 3 types of cultures: 1/ Linear  – represented by Germanic cultures, 2/ Reactive – represented be Confucian cultures and 3/ Multiactive  – represented by Latin America, Arab and African countries, Poland lies in the middle between Linear and Multiactive cultures. (R.Lewis’ model at crossculture.com).   This means that Poles express behaviours typical for those two types of cultures – yet we can switch easily from one type of behaviour to another up to a situation and express behaviour, which is more convenient for us. This capability is called flexibility and it is welcomed in work environment, but for foreigners may cause a difficulty to decode us.   Lack of knowledge of Polish pattern of thinking and behaving may be especially confusing and misleading in negotiation, when knowing a counterpart may be a precondition of a success or a failure.   Negotiating with Poles   Poles regarding behavioural patterns of negotiation in following aspects: –    risk taking:  from one side they take a high risk  but from another one they seeking certainty  and like negotiating all in small details disagreeing: they avoid direct and explicit communication but when situation develop in their disadvantage they make be very confrontational in an emotional manner trusting: they build trust to others...

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Ukrainian and Polish management cultures.  Similar or different?

Ukrainian and Polish management cultures. Similar or different?

The common wisdom claims that Polish and Ukrainian cultures are similar as both countries have common religious, cultural and ethnical roots thus people from Ukraine exhibit the same organizational behaviour and practices. Due to the GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness) study – Polish and Ukrainian cultures belong to the same cultural cluster – Eastern European cultures (which constitutes one of ten distinguished clusters) and differ from other clusters. This is an indication that both cultures are more similar then for example Polish and German or Ukrainian and German cultures. But as in one cultural cluster there are numbers of countries and they still differ in-between in a more subtle way, Ukrainian and Polish management cultures are such a case. When we dig deeper in them, we start to see the differences. The Foundation Polish Mentoring Institute had conducted on 2016 a research among Poles and Ukrainians[1] comparing both management cultures. Let’s discuss study results in 3 aspects: 1. Management style, 2. Team working and 3. Communication style.   How does a manager treat an employee? Regarding management style, in both cultures respondents indicated a hierarchical style as predominant but in case of Poland to lesser extent than in Ukraine. This attribute was confirmed in answers regarding managerial practices like: delegating tasks,          a way of giving a corrective feedback and rewarding people. Organizational structures in both countries were assessed as hierarchical, but what came out was – that Polish managers are regarded as having an ability to manage people in a more partnering style even in rigid organizational structure.   How does a manager treat an employee who is his/her friend? Is he treated the same way (universalistic) or better (particularistic)[2]? In both cultures managers exhibit particularistic approach to the employees. In case of Ukrainian managers, they deploy more particularistic approach than Polish ones, who exhibit relatively more universalistic approach. Additionally, this approach is also exhibited by employees upon other colleagues in both cultures, what confirms that Polish and Ukrainian cultures are embedded in particularism. As particularistic and universalistic behaviours in organization settings differ in many aspects (for example: support of ideas of a project based on its merit or colleagues’ interest, assessment based on competencies or relationship),...

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What are the main cultural differences between France and Poland?

What are the main cultural differences between France and Poland?

As a French woman, when I learnt that I would study for two years in Poland, I clearly did not know what to expect. In the western part of the European Union, strangely, we are quite ignorant of what is actually happening in the East. For most of people in my native country, we just have a limited knowledge of this part of Europe, and this is focused on History of WWII and the Communist era. I have lived in Poland for one year now, so I will try to describe the best that I can the differences I could observe myself when I came to live in Poland, When I arrived in September last year, I was quite shocked when I walked in the streets. I looked around, surprised to see that all people, me included, looked the same. Do not misunderstand, I was not expecting Slavic people to look differently but in France, we saw people from all around the world: black skin, yellow skin. We are so different from one another: small, tall, black, blond, red haired people. African, Asian, Arabic, and so on! Here in Poland, I was among people who looked the same: medium size, even if I could see more real light haired women and more people with light eyes than in France! And women! They are so well dressed, always wearing skirts, nails done, high heels, perfect make up. Slavic women, you-are-beautiful, and I should admit that I had some trouble to stand next to you. I felt so clumsy and neglected! In France, we got so used to be harassed in the streets that we began to fear to look too feminine. I personally think that this fact is deeply linked to the second point I would like to write about. Stop thinking France is the country of gentlemen, true romantic love. It may had been real but it was decades, centuries ago. I was so impressed by the way men treated women in Poland. I see regularly men in the street with roses or flowers in their hands, waiting for their partner. I see everyday men who make lifts waiting for the women who are close to them. I see...

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What I admire in Singapore?

What I admire in Singapore?

Singapore is no. 1 as top destination in 2015 due to Lonely Planet. I do not wonder why – as this year the state celebrates its 50 anniversary of existence and many attractions are prepared. 1995 Singapore gained independence, when Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew announced a separation from the Federation of Malaysia and independent country was born. Downtown Singapore has no natural resources (even they have imported water from Malaysia), is very small country but belongs with its national capital per person to the richest countries in the world. Singapore has made from geographical location and people human capital main assets. You can see wealth at every corner –not only in the marvelous architecture, but people seem to be wealthy and happy. A literacy level is at almost 100% (maybe some very old people can not read and write), 80% of citizens are living in flats got from the government, transportation and food is cheap, and unemployment level is very low. The education is promoted – talented children get scholarship. I like idea of presenting values of the country at the reverse of banknotes (art, sport, education). For me this incorporates collective values Singapore supports. The value of the country was presented in inaugural address in 1990 of Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong taking this position “My mission is clear: to ensure that Singapore thrives and grows after Mr. Lee Kuan Yew; to find a new group of men and women to help me carry on where he and his colleagues left off; and to build a nation of character and grace where people can live lives of dignity and fulfillment, and care for one another”. Grace, fulfillment and dignity are words that are more connected with spirituality than politics. Law – for European standards could be seen a restricted but there is no hooligans, no graffiti, you can feel safe at streets but regarding freedom of doing business (due to report Doing Business done by World Bank Group) Singapore is no. 1 in the world (Poland has position no. 32 after Georgia (15), Lithuania, Latvia and Macedonia). Regarding national income per capita Singapore is placed on 3rd position after Qatar and Luxembourg. What else I admire in...

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What I admire in Venice?

What I admire in Venice?

I was happy when my application to be a lecturer of a workshop on EMCC (European Coaching and Mentoring Council) Conference held from 20 to 22 of November 2014 was accepted, not only because I would be the first lecturer from Central Europe there, but also because of the place of a venue -Venice. When I have arrived to Venice I have fallen in love with the city from the first sight.The words of Mrs Peggy Guggenheim regarding falling in love are totally true (see photo in a slide presentation). My first WOW I have exclaimed was when entering my room. It was furnitured with wooden board painted with flowers and with extraordinary lamp (see on photo left). Next day I have spotted lamps of such design in shops with Murano glass (famous Venetian glass). This was a beginning of my WOW! What I find marvellous are the opposite aspects which the city embraces – from one side offering closeness with narrow streets and canals, from another one – spacious squares (piazza); creativity and at the same time harmony (see the picture of facade of a building which has three kinds of windows but still it is harmony in it), vivid atmosphere on the streets and contemplation in churches and museums. At every corner I have discovered the signs of creativity – see photos of a poster with cats – Leonardo da Vinci, Klimt, or Kandisky and more at the slides presentation below. I like colours of Venice – blue of water and sky, white, rouge and brown buildings and a harmony of all colours (see an example of the Basilica of San Marco, photo on the left). I have enjoyed good taste and style of Italians – in every detail – even in box for letter (see on the photos on right). When visiting new places I pay attention to public spaces – parks, squares, sculptures and museums – and all of them are fabulous in Venice. I like contemporary painting so my first visit was in a museum with Peggy Guggenheim Collection, which is regarded to be the most important museum in Italy for European and American art of 20th century. Peggy Guggenheim, an American heiress assembled...

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